Burrowing Owl Biology
A Reference for North and Central American Owls
Name: Burrowing Owl – Athene cunicularia
Other Common Names: Florida Burrowing Owl (floridana); Western Burrowing Owl (hypugaea); Billy Owl; Prairie Dog Owl; Prairie Owl; Ground Owl; Howdy Owl.
Subspecies: There are two races of Burrowing Owl in North America. There is one race restricted to Clarion Island, south-west from the tip of Baja California and one race restricted to the Island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. The remaining 15 recognized races are all found in South America.
A. c. hypugaea is found from E. Texas north to S. Manitoba and west across S. Canada and all of the Western USA south (including all of Mexico) to El Salvador.
A. c. floridana is restricted to Florida and the Bahamas (marginally S. Georgia).
Measurements and Weights:
Wingspan: 20 – 24 in.
Length: 9 – 11 in.
Tail: 2.8 – 3.4 in.
Average Weight: Male: 5.7 oz.
Average Weight: Female: 5.4 oz.